Oct 26, 2009

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Types of Hajj

To read the previous part (Tawaf and Sa’ee): Click Here

A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) said: Some among us put on Ihram for Hajj alone (Hajj Mufrad) ; some of us for Hajj and Umra together (Qiran), and some of us for Tamattu (first for Umra and after completing it for Hajj). (Muslim)

Narrated Abu Shihab:I left for Mecca for Hajj-at-Tamattu’ assuming Ihram for ‘Umra. I reached Mecca three days before the day of Tarwiya (8th Dhul-Hijja). Some people of Mecca said to me, “Your Hajj will be like the Hajj performed by the people of Mecca (i.e. you will lose the superiority of assuming Ihram from the Miqat). So I went to ‘Ata’ asking him his view about it. He said, “Jabir bin ‘Abdullah narrated to me, ‘I performed Hajj with Allah’s Apostle on the day when he drove camels with him. The people had assumed Ihram for Hajj-al-Ifrad. The Prophet ordered them to finish their Ihram after Tawaf round the Ka’ba, and between Safa and Marwa and to cut short their hair and then to stay there (in Mecca) as non-Muhrims till the day of Tarwiya (i.e. 8th of Dhul-Hijja) when they would assume Ihram for Hajj and they were ordered to make the Ihram with which they had come as for ‘Umra only. They asked, ‘How can we make it ‘Umra (Tamattu’) as we have intended to perform Hajj?’ The Prophet said, ‘Do what I have ordered you. Had I not brought the Hadi with me, I would have done the same, but I cannot finish my Ihram till the Hadi reaches its destination (i.e. is slaughtered).’ So, they did (what he ordered them to do).” (Bukhari)

  1. Ifrad (Hajj only and No Umrah.): The intention is “Allahumma Labbaika Hajjan.” O Allah, I intend to perform Hajj only. On arrival in Makkah perform Tawaf al-Qudoom- can perform Sa’ee of Tawaful Efaadah at this time. Remain in Ihram until Hajj is finished. There is no Sacrifice of animal.
  2. Qiraan- combining Hajj and Umrah with One Ihram: The intention is “Allahuma labbaika ‘umrathan wa hajjan'”. On arrival in Maakah, perform Umrah (Tawaf and Sa’ee) but does not come out of Ihram (do not cut hair). No Sa’ee after tawaful efadah. Remain in Ihram until Hajj is finished.

    Narrated ‘Aisha:We set out with Allah’s Apostle in the year of his Last Hajj and we mended (the Ihram) for ‘Umra. Then the Prophet said, “Whoever has a Hadi with him should assume Ihram for both Hajj and ‘Umra, and should not finish it till he performs both of the them (Hajj and ‘Umra).” When we reached Mecca, I had my menses. When we had performed our Hajj, the Prophet sent me with ‘Abdur-Rahman to Tan’im and I performed the ‘Umra. The Prophet said, “This is in lieu of your missed ‘Umra.” Those who had assumed Ihram for ‘Umra performed Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa) and then finished their Ihram. And then they performed another Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa) after returning from Mina. And those who had assumed lhram for Hajj and ‘Umra to get her (Hajj-Qiran) performed only one Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa). (Bukhari)

    The condition of Hajj Qiran is: must bring sacrifical animal from outside of Makkah.

  3. Tamatt’u: Performing Umrah during the Hajj season, and remaining in a halal state, then re assume Ihram for Hajj on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah from Makkah (place of residence).
    This type of Hajj has 2 Sa’ee- one with Tawaf of Umrah and the second with Tawaful Efadah. There is sacrifice of animal.

Which of the three is best?

Hajj Tamatt’u is the best.

Narrated Abu Shihab: I left for Mecca for Hajj-at-Tamattu’ assuming Ihram for ‘Umra. I reached Mecca three days before the day of Tarwiya (8th Dhul-Hijja). Some people of Mecca said to me, “Your Hajj will be like the Hajj performed by the people of Mecca (i.e. you will lose the superiority of assuming Ihram from the Miqat). So I went to ‘Ata’ asking him his view about it. He said, “Jabir bin ‘Abdullah narrated to me, ‘I performed Hajj with Allah’s Apostle on the day when he drove camels with him. The people had assumed Ihram for Hajj-al-Ifrad. The Prophet ordered them to finish their Ihram after Tawaf round the Ka’ba, and between Safa and Marwa and to cut short their hair and then to stay there (in Mecca) as non-Muhrims till the day of Tarwiya (i.e. 8th of Dhul-Hijja) when they would assume Ihram for Hajj and they were ordered to make the Ihram with which they had come as for ‘Umra only. They asked, ‘How can we make it ‘Umra (Tamattu’) as we have intended to perform Hajj?’ The Prophet said, ‘Do what I have ordered you. Had I not brought the Hadi with me, I would have done the same, but I cannot finish my Ihram till the Hadi reaches its destination (i.e. is slaughtered).’ So, they did (what he ordered them to do).” (Bukhari)

To read the next part (Hajj Tamatt’u): Click Here

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